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MADAN MOHAN TEMPLE of Cooch Behar


Madan Mohan Thakurbari, Cooch Behar town

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       After ascending the throne in 1887, Maharaja Nripendra Narayan built the present palace at Cooch Behar. For enhancing the beauty of the locality surrounding the palace (influenced by Maharani Sunity Devi partially converted to Brahma religion) changing the temple's position was thought of. On 8th July, 1889 Maharaja Nripendra Narayan laid the foundation stone of the temple amidst a joyful ceremony. Rajmata Nishimoyee Devi inaugurated the Madan Mohan temple on 21st March, 1890. The deities were brought to the temple with splendor followed by a grand procession and memorable celebrations. Simultaneously the Anandamoyee Dharmashala was inaugurated by Maharaja Nripendra Narayan to the east of the temple premise.

       Built similar to charchala (four roofs) and dalan-mandir (temple with verandah) temples of Bengal, the Madan Mohan temple is a four-cornered construction with a dome built above the cornice of the four rooms side-by-side and facing south. Deity of Madan Mohan is in the central room over which the dome rests like a white lotus. Ma Anandamoyee, Ma Bhabani and other deities are also worshiped here.

       Madan Mohan Thakurbari is a rare congregation of Hindu pilgrims and Baishnav cult.



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       Familial deity of the royal Koch dynasty, 'Madan Mohan' is the Thakur (God) of the mass in Cooch Behar. Shaiva (worshiper of Lord Shiva) Maharaja Nara Narayan (1554-1588 AD) influenced by Shankardeb (Baishnav spiritual preacher of Assam), fabricated the sculpt of Lord Madan Mohan on the auspicious Purnima of the Uttarayan Magh sankranti. The presence of Madan Mohan without Radha is due to the influence of Shankardeb.

       Madan Mohan is the main attraction of Madan Mohan temple. It the central room of the temple on silver clad chowdola (four-stand cradle) there are two idols - Bara Madan Mohan and Chhoto Madan Mohan. Generally devotees could see Bara Madan Mohan. Chhoto Madan Mohan stays behind the scene and could be seen for three days (lying on Shayan ekadashi in Harishayan and rising on Uthyan ekadashi). It is believed that Maharaja Nara Narayan had established this idol. The second Bara Madan Mohan was established by Maharaja Nripendra Narayan in the present temple amidst pomp and splendor.

Madan Mohan Thakur

Madan Mohan Thakur in Madan Mohan temple


      The idol of Lord Madan Mohan is golden in colour (made of astadhatu or amalgamation of eight metals). A Shalgram Shila (stone type) named Anantadeb or Ananta Narayan is worshipped everyday before the Bara Madan Mohan. Beside this two other Shilas - Janardan Narayan and Lakshmi Narayan are also worshipped daily.

       A piece of black stone of approximately 7 inches is placed on the cradle of the Lord. It is known as Ma Pat Debati or Pat Parbati and dusbhuja/ten-armed structure of Madan Mohan is drawn on the stone. This idol is specially worshipped in the Joytara temple and then after been put back to the cradle of Lord Madan Mohan. There is also a Banlinga Shiva.


Anantadeb or Ananta Narayan


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       Maharaja Harendra Narayan, devotee of Shakti (power), established the idol of Anandamoyee Kali in 1831. The idol was brought to the Madan Mohan temple on the auspicious day of the inaugural ceremony. Situated in the west-side room of the temple (to the right of Madan Mohan), the approximately 4 feet tall idol stands on Mahakal's sculpture lying on white marble. The statue of Ma Anandamoyee is made of touch stone.

       The deity is worshipped daily with devotion and grandeur. Special offerings are carried out whole night along with animal-sacrifice on the new-moon and full-moon of every month.


Ma Anandamoyee


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Lord Ganesh, Ma MangalChandi,
Ma MahishMardini, Ma MahaKali

       Situated in the eastern room of the main temple (left hand side of Lord Madan Mohan), idols of Ma Katyayani, Ma Joytara and Ma Annapurna can be seen seated on a throne beautifully carved out of silver. Five faced Lord Ganesh (mounted on lion) is in the front. Two idols of Mangal Chandi, idol of MahishMardini, small idol of MahaKali can also be seen. An idol of Mangal Chandi is placed on a stone plate brought from Baneswar.

       A small idol is always kept inside a box beside the throne and which is kept away from the sight of the devotees. He is known as Sri Sri Yantra. This idol is worshipped behind closed doors only.



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       A separate temple of Ma Bhabani is situated on the eastern boundary of the temple premise of Madan Mohan. The 2 feet tall stone idol of Ma Bhabani with Her ten arms stands in the position of striking Asura. The idol is brightly red cloloured. The clay idol of Goddess Durga at Debibari is sculptured in this similar style every year on Sharadiya Durgapuja. Mounted on tiger to the left and on lion to the right, Goddess is seen in the stance of attacking Asura with spear.


Ma Bhabani

       Previously the Bhabani temple was established at Bhabani Market of Cooch Behar town. Later when the Madan Mohan temple was built, a seperate temple was constructed and the idol of Ma Bhabani was re-established therein. 


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